How does life expectancy in Colorado compare to other states?

COLORADO — Not everyone will live long, but a new federal report showing large regional disparities in life expectancies indicates your odds are pretty good in Colorado.

The average life expectancy at birth in the United States in 2019 was 78.8 years, up 0.1% from 2018, according to US state death records analyzed by the National Center for Health. Statistics, a branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The average life expectancy in Colorado, ranked 9th among all US states, is 80 years.

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Hawaii is ranked No. 1 – residents have lived there for an average of 80.9 years – 83.9 years for women and 78 years for men. Even so, life expectancy in Aloha State is down about a month from 2018, according to the report.

In Mississippi, ranked 51st among the states and the District of Columbia, the average life expectancy was 74.4 years – 77.6 years for women and 71.2 years for men.

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Importantly, the report released on Thursday does not reflect death rates from COVID-19, which CDC officials said in December reduced life expectancy by nearly two years, the largest decline ever. a year since World War II.

The states with the lowest life expectancy at birth are mostly Southern states, and the states with the highest life expectancy at birth are mostly Western and Northeastern states, according to the report.

The report didn’t address the disparities, but the report’s author, Dr. Elizabeth Arias, director of US Life Tables at the National Center for Health Statistics, offered some theories in an interview with ABC News.

“Well, we know that mortality from major causes of death like heart disease, cancer, stroke, accident, tends to be higher in the southern and southeastern states than in New England, for example, and the western states,” she said. “Smoking prevalence is also higher in southern states. I think poverty rates are also higher across the country. [the South].”

California, New York, Minnesota and Massachusetts, respectively, round out the top five states for life expectancy.

The other bottom states were West Virginia (50), Alabama (49), Kentucky (48) and Tennessee (47).

Nationally, women live 5.1 years longer than men. The disparity is greater in Mississippi than anywhere else in the United States at 6.4 years, and the shortest is in Utah at 3.5 years. Women outlive men in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

California, which ranks second for overall life expectancy, ranks first for men, with a life expectancy of 78.4 years.

West Virginia ranked 51st among women, with a life expectancy at birth of 77.3 years.

The report does not address disparities in life expectancy between men and women. However, Arias told ABC News that smoking was likely the main reason.

Historical data shows the gender disparity reached 7.8 years in 1978, Arias said.

“So men started smoking much earlier than women and with much higher prevalence,” she said. “But then, over the decades, women started smoking at levels close to men’s. And, as men quit, women followed, but not at the same rate.”

The researchers also looked at life expectancy after age 65. In Hawaii, people aged 65 can expect to live another 21.2 years on average. In Mississippi, they can expect to live another 17.5 years.

Other report findings:

  • Life expectancy decreased in 14 states between 2018 and 2019, ranging from one month to six months. These states were South Dakota, North Dakota, Wyoming, Rhode Island, New Mexico, Arkansas, Maine, Montana, Iowa, Mississippi, Connecticut, Oregon, Hawaii and Minnesota.
  • Five states recorded no change in life expectancy, and 31 states and the District of Columbia recorded increases in life expectancy between one and six months.

Preliminary 2020 mortality data released early last year showed COVID-19 reduced life expectancy by 1.8 years in 2020 and people of color were disproportionately affected.

“We don’t normally see a drop in life expectancy of this magnitude,” Bob Anderson, head of mortality statistics at the National Center for Health Statistics, told NBC News in December. “Usually when we see fluctuations in life expectancy, it’s only for a few months of the year, so that’s quite significant.”

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